Category «Environmental Law»

The Water Act, 1974 – Notes

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Water is an essential element of human living. It is very useful only when it is unpolluted. It is in short supply since 97% of world’s water constitutes seawater, which is unfit for consumption. Polluted or contaminated water is injurious to health. In order to prevent and control the pollution of water, the Indian Parliament …

The Air Act, 1981 – Notes

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Objectives of The Air Act: In order to prevent and control the pollution of air, the Parliament passed legislation in the year 1981. It came into force from 30th March 1981. The main object of the Air Act, as enshrined in its preamble is, to preserve the quality of air and to control air pollution. …

Environmental Protection Law

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What is Environmental Protection Law? Environmental Protection Law is the sine qua non for growth and development of any nation. In the absence of effective/appropriate legal machinery, environmental standards cannot be maintained. Many states, as part of national concern, took steps to increase the scope and effectiveness of protection laws. India passed about 200 Central …

Environment Protection Act, 1986

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The burning problem of the present day is environmental pollution. In pursuance of the Stockholm Declarations, 1972, several legislations were passed for protection and improvement of the environment. According to N.D. Tiwari Committee’s Report, nearly 200 Central and State legislation are passed in India. Prominent among them are 12, of which the present Environment Protection …

Environmental Court Notes

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Environmental pollution is a serious threat to the survival of the human race and hence the State is shouldered with the responsibility to eradicate the same by-passing appropriate legislation and establishing the environmental court. The Stockholm Declaration 1972, also envisaged the passing of environmental legislation and establishment of special courts by all States to deal …

Judicial Activism And Environment

In Environmental litigation, “Judicial Activism” signifies the anxiety of courts to find out appropriate remedies for environmental maladies. At the global level, the right to live is now recognised as a fundamental right to an environment adequate for the health and being of human beings. In the context of such developments in the international scenarios, …

International Parameters Of Environmental Policy

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Earlier, there was no precise environmental policy. The seventies witnessed a new dimension in the history of environmental policy at a global level. The developments that took place during this decade gave new direction for environmental protection. A brief survey of the policy perspective is stated hereunder. THE STOCKHOLM DECI RATION, 1972 The year 1968 …

Environmental Science

The environment is Science:  The billion dollar question is whether Environment is a Science? The answer is in the affirmative (yes) since it is concerned with the study of both living and non- living beings on the globe. Environmental Science is a new subject, which was evolved 30 years ago. It witnessed tremendous growth and …

Environment Law: Introduction and Pollution

Environment:  The Global problem of the present day is the Environmental Pollution, which is a serious threat to the existence and survival of the human race. As food, clothing, and shelter are basic human needs; “Unpolluted air (to breathe), uncontaminated water (to drink) and nutritious food and hygienic condition to live in” are ‘Sine qua …