Category «Notes»

Indian Contract Act, 1872

indian-contract-act

Introduction to Indian Contract Act The law relating to contracts in India is contained in the Indian Contract Act, 1872. The Act was passed by British India and is based on the principles of English common law. It is applicable to all the states of India except the state of Jammu & Kashmir. It determines …

Environmental Protection Law

environment-protection-law

What is Environmental Protection Law? Environmental Protection Law is the sine qua non for growth and development of any nation. In the absence of effective/appropriate legal machinery, environmental standards cannot be maintained. Many states, as part of national concern, took steps to increase the scope and effectiveness of protection laws. India passed about 200 Central …

Environment Protection Act, 1986

environment-protection-act

The burning problem of the present day is environmental pollution. In pursuance of the Stockholm Declarations, 1972, several legislations were passed for protection and improvement of the environment. According to N.D. Tiwari Committee’s Report, nearly 200 Central and State legislation are passed in India. Prominent among them are 12, of which the present Environment Protection …

Environmental Court Notes

environmental-court-notes

Environmental pollution is a serious threat to the survival of the human race and hence the State is shouldered with the responsibility to eradicate the same by-passing appropriate legislation and establishing the environmental court. The Stockholm Declaration 1972, also envisaged the passing of environmental legislation and establishment of special courts by all States to deal …

Citizenship

citizenship

In simple words, A citizen of a state is a person who enjoys filling civil and political rights in a country. The fundamental rights are available to the citizen only are (Article 15, Article 16, Article 19, Article 29 and 30). Aliens do not enjoy these rights. Not only rights there are certain officers which …

Constitutional Law

constitutional-law

Term constitutional law is broader than the term constitution. It comprises constitution, relevant statutory law, judicial decisions and conventions. That means constitutional law is a branch of law which deals with the constitution, power and functions of various organs of government, the relationship between these organs, the relationship between people and government. Constitutional law is …

Judicial Activism And Environment

In Environmental litigation, “Judicial Activism” signifies the anxiety of courts to find out appropriate remedies for environmental maladies. At the global level, the right to live is now recognised as a fundamental right to an environment adequate for the health and being of human beings. In the context of such developments in the international scenarios, …

International Parameters Of Environmental Policy

environmental-policy

Earlier, there was no precise environmental policy. The seventies witnessed a new dimension in the history of environmental policy at a global level. The developments that took place during this decade gave new direction for environmental protection. A brief survey of the policy perspective is stated hereunder. THE STOCKHOLM DECI RATION, 1972 The year 1968 …

Environmental Science

The environment is Science:  The billion dollar question is whether Environment is a Science? The answer is in the affirmative (yes) since it is concerned with the study of both living and non- living beings on the globe. Environmental Science is a new subject, which was evolved 30 years ago. It witnessed tremendous growth and …

Environment Law: Introduction and Pollution

Environment:  The Global problem of the present day is the Environmental Pollution, which is a serious threat to the existence and survival of the human race. As food, clothing, and shelter are basic human needs; “Unpolluted air (to breathe), uncontaminated water (to drink) and nutritious food and hygienic condition to live in” are ‘Sine qua …