Health Of Workers Under Factories Act

health-of-workers

The Provision under Factories act 1948 Regarding Health of Workers Section 11 to 20 of the Factory Act, 1948 provides for the provision regarding health. The health-related measures provided by the act are the following:



Section 11. For Health Of Workers Under Factories Act: Cleanliness

  1. Each manufacturing plant shall be unbroken clean and free from effluvia arising from any drain, privy or different nuisance, and in particular-
    • Accumulation of dirt and refuse shall be removed daily by sweeping or by the alternative effective methodology from the floors and benches of workrooms and from staircases and passages,
      and disposed of in an exceedingly appropriate manner.
    • The ground of each room shall be cleaned a minimum of once in hebdomadally by laundry, using disinfectant, where necessary, or by some other effective method.
    • Wherever a floor is at risk of becoming wet within the course of any producing method to such extent as is capable of being drained, effective means of drainage shall be provided and maintained.
    • All within walls and partitions, all ceilings or tops of rooms and all walls, sides, and tops of passages and staircases shall:
      • Wherever they’re [painted otherwise than with drip-dry water-paint] or painted, be repainted or revarnished at least once in every period of five years;
      • Wherever they’re painted with drip-dry water-paint, be repainted with at least one coat of such paint at least once in every period of three years and washed at least once in every period of six months.
      • Wherever they’re painted or painted or wherever they need sleek fast surfaces, be cleaned at least once in every period of fourteen months by such method as may be prescribed.
      • Within the alternative case, be unbroken painted or color-washed, and therefore the whitewashing or color laundry shall be meted out a minimum of once in each amount of fourteen months;
      • All doors and window frames and different picket or bronze frameworks and shutters shall be unbroken painted or painted and therefore the painting or varnishing shall be administrated at least once in every period of five years.
      • The dates on that the processes needed by clause (d) ar administrated shall be entered within the prescribed register.
  2. If seeable of the character of the operations carried on in a manufacturing plant or category or description of factories or any a part of a manufacturing plant or category or description of factories, it’s unacceptable for the occupier to go with all or any of the provisions of sub-section (1), the regime might by order exempt such factory or category or description of factories or part from any of the provisions of that sub-section and specify various ways for keeping the manufacturing plant during a clean state.



Section 12. For Health Of Workers Under Factories Act: Disposal of wastes and effluents

  1. Effective arrangements shall be created in each manufacturing plant for the treatment of wastes and effluents thanks to the producing method carried on in that, thus on render them innocuous,
    and for their disposal.
  2. The regime might create rules prescribing the arrangements to be created below sub-section (1) or requiring that the arrangements created in accordance with sub-section (1) shall be approved
    by such authority as may be prescribed.



Section 13. For Health Of Workers Under Factories Act: Ventilation and temperature

  1. Effective and appropriate provision shall be created in each manufacturing plant for securing and maintaining in each room:
    • Adequate ventilation by the circulation of fresh air.
    • Such a temperature can secure to employees in those cheap conditions of comfort and forestall injury to the health of workers.
    • Walls and roofs shall be of such material then designed that such temperature shall not be exceeded but unbroken as low as practicable;
    • Wherever the character of the work carried on at intervals the industrial plant involves, or is probably going to involve, the assembly of to a fault high temperatures, such adequate measures as area unit practicable shall be taken to shield the staff therefrom, by separating the method that produces such temperatures from the room, by insulating the recent elements or by alternative effective suggests that.
  2. The regime might visit a customary of adequate ventilation and cheap temperature for any manufacturing plant or category or description of factories or elements thence and direct that 18 proper measuring instruments, at such places and in such position as could also be specified, shall be provided and such records, as may be prescribed, shall be maintained.
  3. If it seems to the Chief Inspector that to a fault high temperatures in any manufacturing plant may be reduced by the adoption of appropriate measures, he may, while not prejudice to the rules made under sub-section (2), serve on the occupier, an order in writing specifying the measures which, in his opinion, should be adopted, and requiring them to be carried out before a specified date.



Section 14. For Health Of Workers Under Factories Act: Dust and fume

  1. In each manufacturing plant during which, by reason of the producing method carried on, there are given off any mud or fume or different impurity of such a nature and to such Associate in Nursing extent as is probably going to be injurious or offensive to the employees used in that, or any mud in substantial quantities, effective measures shall be taken to prevent its inhalation and accumulation in any space, and if any exhaust appliance is critical for this purpose, it shall be applied as close to as doable to the purpose of origin of the mud, fume or another impurity, and such point shall be enclosed so far as possible.
  2. In any manufacturing plant, no stationary burning engine shall be operated unless the exhaust is conducted into the outside, and no other internal combustion engine shall be operated in any area unless effective measures are taken to forestall such accumulation of fumes therefrom as possible to be injurious to employees used within the area.

Section 15. For Health Of Workers Under Factories Act: Artificial humidification

  1. In respect of all factories during which the humidness of the air is unnaturally magnified, the authorities might build rules:
    • Prescribing standards of humidification
    • Control the ways used for unnaturally increasing the humidness of the air
    • Directional prescribed tests for deciding the humidness of the air to be properly disbursed and recorded;
    • Prescribing ways to be adopted for securing adequate ventilation and cooling of the air within the workrooms.
  2. In any works during which the humidness of the air is unnaturally magnified, the water used for the aim shall be taken from a public provider, or alternative supply of potable, or shall be effectively pure before it’s therefore used.
  3. If it seems to associate degree Inspector that the water employed in a works for increasing humidness that is needed to be effectively pure beneath sub-section (2) isn’t effectively purified he might serve on the manager of the works associate degree order in writing, specifying the measures that in his opinion would be adopted, and requiring them to be carried out before specified date.

Section 16. For Health Of Workers Under Factories Act: Overcrowding

  1. No space in associate degree works shall be overcrowded to an extent injurious to the health of the workers utilized in this.
  2. While not prejudice to the generality of sub-section (1), there shall be in each workspace of a works alive on the date of the commencement of this Act at least 9.9 cubic meters and of a factory-built after the commencement of this Act at least 4.2 cubic meters of space for every worker employed therein, and for the purposes of this subsection no account shall be taken of any space which is more than 4.2metres above the level of the floor of the room.
  3. If the Chief Inspector by order in writing therefore needs, there shall be announced in every room of a work a notice specifying the utmost variety of employees World Health Organization may, in compliance with the provisions of this section, be used within the area.
  4. The Chief Inspector might, by order in writing exempt subject to such conditions, if any, as he may think fit to impose, any workroom from the provisions of this section, if he’s glad that compliance with that in respect of the area is senseless within the interest of the health of the workers utilized in this.

Section 17. For Health Of Workers Under Factories Act: Lighting

  1. In each, a part of works wherever employees area unit operating or passing there shall be provided and maintained sufficient and appropriate lighting, natural or artificial, or both.
  2. In each works all glazed windows and skylights used for the lighting of the room shall be unbroken clean on each the inner and outer surfaces so so much as compliance with the provisions of any rules made under sub-section (3) of section 13 will allow, free from obstruction.
  3. In each, works effective provision shall, so far as is practicable, be made for the prevention of:
    • Glare, either directly from a provider of sunshine or by reflection from a sleek or polished surface;
    • The formation of shadows to such associate degree extent on cause eye-strain or the danger of accident to any employee.
  4. The authorities might bring down standards of sufficient and appropriate lighting for factories or for any category or description of factories or for any producing method.



Section 18. For Health Of Workers Under Factories Act: Drinking water

  1. In each works effective arrangements shall be created {to provide|to provide|to produce} and maintain at appropriate points handily set for all employees utilized in this a sufficient supply of wholesome potable.
  2. All such points shall be readably marked “drinking water” in a very language understood by a majority of the employees utilized within the works, and no such purpose shall be situated among 38 six meters of any laundry place, urinal, latrine, spittoon, open-drain carrying sullage or effluent or any other source of contamination unless a shorter distance is approved in writing by the Chief Inspector.
  3. In each work whereby quite 2 hundred and fifty employees area unit unremarkably utilized, provisions shall be made for cooling drinking water during hot weather by effective means and for distribution thereof.
  4. In respect of all factories or any category or description of factories, the authorities might build rules for securing compliance with the provisions of sub-sections (1),(2) and (3) and for the examination by prescribed authorities of the availability and distribution of potable in factories.

Section 19. For Health Of Workers Under Factories Act: Latrines and urinals

  1. In every factory:
    • Sufficient public lavatory and plumbing fixture accommodation of prescribed varieties shall be provided handily set and accessible to employees in the slightest degree times whereas they’re at the factory;
    • Separate engulfed accommodation shall be provided for male and female workers;
    • Such accommodation shall be adequately lighted and airy, and no latrine or urinal shall, unless specially exempted in writing by the Chief Inspector, communicate with any workroom except through an intervening open space or ventilated passage.
    • All such accommodation shall be maintained in a very clean and status in the slightest degree times;
    • Sweepers shall be used whose primary duty it’d be to stay clean latrines, urinals and laundry places.
  2. In each work whereby quite 2 hundred and fifty employees area unit unremarkably employed:
    • All public lavatory and plumbing fixture accommodation shall be of prescribed healthful types.
    • The floors and internal walls, up to a height of ninety centimeters, of the latrines and urinals and therefore the sanitary blocks shall be arranged in glazed tiles or otherwise finished to produce a sleek polished ladder-proof surface.
    • Whereas not prejudice to the provisions of clauses (d) and (e) of sub-section (1), the floors, parts of the walls and blocks, therefore, set or finished and therefore the hygienic pans of latrines and urinals shall be wholly washed and clean a minimum of once in every seven days with applicable detergents or disinfectants or with every.
    • The authorities could impose the number of latrines and urinals to be provided in any manufactory in proportion to the numbers of male and feminine employees usually used in that, and supply for such more matters in respect of sanitation in factories, together with the duty of employees during this regard, because it considers necessary within the interest of the health of the workers be used in that.

Section 20. For Health Of Workers Under Factories Act: Spittoons

  1. In each industrial plant there shall be provided a sufficient variety of spittoons in convenient places and that they shall be maintained in an exceedingly clean and healthful condition.
  2. The authorities could create rules prescribing the kind and therefore the range of spittoons to be provided and their location in a very manufactory and supply for such any matters regarding their maintenance in a clean and hygienical condition.
  3. Not a soul shall spit within the premises of works except within the Spittoons provided for the aim and a notice containing this provision and therefore the penalty for its violation shall be conspicuously displayed at appropriate places within the premises.
  4. Whoever spits in resistance of sub-section (3) shall be punishable with fine not extraordinary 5 rupees.
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