The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 – Notes

motor-vehicle-act

In India, regarding motor vehicles, the fist statute was the Indian Motor Vehicles Act, 1914, which later on, as amended by the Motor Vehicles Act, 1939. In spite of several amendments made in the act of 1939, due to improvement in road net-work of the country, the necessity for passengers and hire-management. change in the …

The Water Act, 1974 – Notes

the-water-act-notes

Water is an essential element of human living. It is very useful only when it is unpolluted. It is in short supply since 97% of world’s water constitutes seawater, which is unfit for consumption. Polluted or contaminated water is injurious to health. In order to prevent and control the pollution of water, the Indian Parliament …

Taxation Law – Notes

taxation-law

Meaning of Taxation Law: It is a charge levied by the state on the individual and corporation. The element of compulsion is per cent in it. According to Prof, “A tax is a compulsory contribution from the prison to the state to expenditure incurred on the activities for the common interest without any reference to …

The Air Act, 1981 – Notes

the-air-act-image

Objectives of The Air Act: In order to prevent and control the pollution of air, the Parliament passed legislation in the year 1981. It came into force from 30th March 1981. The main object of the Air Act, as enshrined in its preamble is, to preserve the quality of air and to control air pollution. …

Kedar Nath Singh v/s State Of Bihar

kedar-nath-singh

Kedar Nath Singh V/S State Of Bihar is based on Article 19 of the Indian Constitution with the effect the scope of section 124 of Indian Penal Code. Kedar Nath Singh was prosecuted before a Magistrate 1st Class, at Begusarai, in the district of Monghyr, in Bihar. The accused person was convicted under section 124 …

Sociological School Of Law – Notes

sociological-school-of-law

Introduction to Sociological School of Law: The relation between individuals, society and state got changed and various theories regarding them have been propounded from time to time. In the beginning, society was governed by custom which had a social sanction, then came the supremacy of Priestly class and after that, the secular or welfare state …

Analytical School Of Jurisprudence – Notes

analytical-school-of-jurisprudence

Analytical school of jurisprudence is known by different names like positive school or positivism law because the exponents of this school are concerned neither with the past nor with the future but with the law as it exists i.e. law as it is. John Austin was the founder of the analytical school of jurisprudence; hence …

Forensic Science – Notes

forensic-science-notes

Definition and Meaning of Forensic Science: Forensic has been derived from a Latin term ‘Forensis’ which means meeting place where a person sits collectively and discuss crime. Forensic Science is that branch of science which deals with all the branches of science collectively in order to solve the problem of law and justice. Forensic Science …

Consumer Protection Council – Notes

consumer-protection-council

Central Consumer Protection Council (Sec.4-6) Section 4 provides for the establishment of CPC at the center. This section empowers the central government to establish by notification a council to be known as the Central Consumer Protection Council. Object: To promote and protect the rights of the consumers. The Central Government is empowered under section 30 …

Jurisprudence – Notes

Jurisprudence

Introduction to Jurisprudence: The word ‘Jurisprudence’ has been derived from the Latin word ‘jurisprudentia’ where ‘Juris’ means law and ‘prudentia’ means knowledge. According to Gray, “Jurisprudence is the science of law, the statements and systematic arrangement of rules followed by courts and the principles involved in these rules.” According to Salmond, “Jurisprudence is the science …