Consumer Protection Council – Notes

consumer-protection-council

Central Consumer Protection Council (Sec.4-6) Section 4 provides for the establishment of CPC at the center. This section empowers the central government to establish by notification a council to be known as the Central Consumer Protection Council. Object: To promote and protect the rights of the consumers. The Central Government is empowered under section 30 …

Jurisprudence – Notes

Jurisprudence

Introduction to Jurisprudence: The word ‘Jurisprudence’ has been derived from the Latin word ‘jurisprudentia’ where ‘Juris’ means law and ‘prudentia’ means knowledge. According to Gray, “Jurisprudence is the science of law, the statements and systematic arrangement of rules followed by courts and the principles involved in these rules.” According to Salmond, “Jurisprudence is the science …

Punishment Under IPC – Notes

punishment

Section 53: As per IPC following punishment can be given:- Death Imprisonment for life Imprisonment –Rigorous (with (1) hard labour and (2) simple) Forfeiture of property Fine Section related to death sentence 121, 132, 194, 302 – death sentence and life imprisonment – 305, 307, 364, 364(a) ,396. Life Imprisonment– Section121, 121(a), 122, 194(a), 125, …

THE TRADE UNION ACT, 1926 – Notes

trade-union-act

Section 2: Definition: Appropriate government has been defined in relation to the object of a trade union act. Appropriate government is state government or central government. Executive: means the body which manages the affair of a trade union. It should be responsible for managing the affair of the trade union. Office Bearers: includes any member …

Joint Liability – Notes

joint-liability

Under the Indian Penal Code, the provision regarding joint liability is given in section 34. Section 34 Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention- when a criminal act is done by several persons in furthers of the common intention of all, each of such persons is liable for that act in the …

General Explanation In IPC

general-explanation

There is a list of general explanation in IPC which are given below: Section 6: Definition in the code to be understood subject to the exception- Throughout this code, every definition of an offense, every penal provision, and every illustration of every such definition or penal provision, shall be understood subject to the exceptions contained …

Industrial Dispute Act, 1947 – Notes

industrial-dispute-act

Before the Industrial Dispute Act, there was no machinery to solve the dispute. The whole system was based on the common law and according to common law, dispute solved according to the contract between the parties. Therefore, the Common Law system does not apply to the industrial system. Hence, Industrial Dispute Act, 1947 was passed …

Origin Of Labour Law – Notes

labour-law

Labour law is a product of the industrial revolution. The policy of hire and fire, terms of employment, the tendency of employers to exploit workers and inhuman conditions were the various reasons for the origin of labour law. Industrial Revolution At the beginning of the 20th century, a new revolution was started known as ‘Industrial …

Unfair Trade Practices In Consumer Law

unfair-trade-practices

A consumer can make a complaint when he comes across defective goods. Now, it is important to understand the meaning of ‘goods’ and the ‘defect’ for better understanding of Unfair Trade Practices. Goods have been defined under section 2(1) (i) of the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 and denote the same meaning as under section 2(7) …

Concept of Consumer : Consumer Law

concept-of-consumer

The Oxford dictionary defines a consumer as a purchaser of goods and services. In the words of the Layman, consumer means any person who has purchased movable/immovable property or hires services for various purchases. Eg.:  Mr. A purchases a T.V. for personal use at home. He is a consumer. Meaning of ‘Consumer’:- According to Sec.2 …